Ceramic cup from the Early Bronze Age uncovered on Kokino
Almost all of the archaeological artefacts were found either on the highest part of the locality or slightly lower, on the north slope of the hill. During the archaeological research of this area, two types of cult structures were identified: ritual pits and circular stone constructions.
Circular stone structure in which offerings were placed during religious rituals
Ritual pit in which offerings were placed during religious rituals
The fragments of the same ceramic vessels are sometimes found scattered a few meters away from each other, indicating the practice of smashing the vessels and scattering the pieces during religious rituals. The discovery of the funeral-like vessels indicates that in certain rituals libations were performed.
Stone mold for casting bronze amulets uncovered on Kokino
Most of the archaeological artefacts found in Kokino date from early Bronze Age (21st – 17th c. B.C.) and late Bronze Age (14th – 11th century B.C.). The finds dating from Middle Bronze Age (17th – 14th century BC) are not so numerous.
The latest archaeological research revealed traces of the Iron Age settlement (7th century BC) situated on the southern slope of the hill. This latest find showed that the locality was no longer used as a sanctuary, although it maybe continued to be used as an observatory.
Ceramic vessels uncovered during a dig
Artefacts found in the ritual pits and the circular stone constructions included: ceramic vessels or their fragments, hand mills, pyramidal weights, moulds for casting bronze objects, stone axes, etc. Apart from vessels, small votive ceramic figurines representing cattle or parts of the human body were also deposed.
Ceramic cup uncovered on Kokino
Approximately 100 ritual pits formed around natural fissures of the rocks have been discovered. The openings surrounding the fissures were delimited with stones mixed with earth and sometimes clay. The archaeological artefacts were found at the bottom of the pits, covered with earth and small stones. The pits were then enclosed with stone plaques that do not originate from the locality.
The circular constructions were composed of big stones arranged in circles with diameters of 1-2 meters. Structures with a “tumulus” shape where formed by covering the deposits with earth and small stones.